Is Criminality Treatable?
Behavioral programs have several attributes. First, they are centereed on the present circumstances and risk factors that are responsible for the offender;s behavior. For example, focusing on a past event, such as abandonment or grief counseling might be therapeutic and helpful in increasing one's understanding, but it will unlikely do much to reduce the risk of re-offending. On the other hand, changing with whom an offender associates is much more likely to assist him or her in staying out of trouble. This is not to say that past trauma cannot be a barrier to addressing anti-social behavior, but it is the current behavior that is the target for change, not the past.